If you are building your LAN, you need to consider the purpose of the wiring, the location at which you will be installing the wiring, and the users and devices that connect to the network. Considering that there are mainly two types of network switches available in LAN infrastructure is important. Standard Power over Ethernet (POE) and POE switches are available. The devices on the receiving end are powered by POE switches, which not only transmit data but also transmit power. Learn How to Set Up a Safe Small Office Network Infrastructure.
It is very important to know where you will lay your LAN infrastructure because this will determine the type of CAT6 cable you need. The two main types of CAT6 cables are coaxial cables and coaxial twisted pair cables. In other words, STP stands for shielded twisted pair, whereas UTP stands for unprotected twisted pair. Due to the extra shielding in the sheath, STP is technically recommended for outdoor situations. If exposed to the harsh conditions of the outside world, this additional sheath ensures that your cables will not wear out or break. Compared to indoor UTP cable, STP cable can be more robust and expensive.
Choose a Smart Network Switch
If you wish to power IP phones, cameras, and access points, among many others, through the network, you should select a switch that offers POE or no POE. Speed is key in determining the type of network switch you should select. It is always better to have faster switches since they will provide you with enhanced networking capabilities.
Tips to Create an Effective LAN
- A critical factor to consider is the number of users who are on the network. Subnet size is determined by the number of users on the network. I think it is very important to ensure the range you give includes all the predicted users if more than one subnet will be present. It is vital to ensure the range you give includes all the predicted users if more than one subnet is present. Our next article will discuss how to manage subnet masks.
- It’s important to see all devices on your LAN, including shared resources. Some of the devices included in the shared resources include printers, scanners, SQL database servers, exchange servers, and access points. Devices with static IP addresses are almost always intended to be used in such circumstances. I will also go into more detail about IPs in a later article. Smart network administrators use static IPs to ease administration and avoid confusion and conflicts on their networks. In any case, you must ensure not to assign these devices’ IP addresses in your dynamic host control protocol server (DHCP) lease range.
- You should have a firewall between the router of your (ISP) internet service provider and the switches of your LAN. Providing this protection ensures your network is protected against unauthorized intrusions or logging in. The choice of firewall should be based on each network’s particular characteristics and usage.
Despite all the above factors, a good network will only be achieved when your modules and patch panels are properly configured. Make sure to test your cables and that you can connect devices to the network after running the LAN tests. It will also contribute to a stable and reliable network if you keep your entire setup in a good cabinet with clean power.